Fast Calculation Software for Modified Look-Locker Inversion Recovery (MOLLI) T1 Mapping
Kyurae Kim, Hyelee Lee, and Yeon Hyeon Choe.
BMC Medical Imaging 2021
Abstract Background The purpose of this study was to develop a software tool and evaluate different T1 map calculation methods in terms of computation time in cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. Methods The modified Look-Locker inversion recovery (MOLLI) sequence was used to acquire multiple inversion time (TI) images for pre- and post-contrast T1 mapping. The T1 map calculation involved pixel-wise curve fitting based on the T1 relaxation model. A variety of methods were evaluated using data from 30 subjects for computational efficiency: MRmap, python Levenberg–Marquardt (LM), python reduced-dimension (RD) non-linear least square, C++ single- and multi-core LM, and C++ single- and multi-core RD. Results Median (interquartile range) computation time was 126 s (98–141) for the publicly available software MRmap, 261 s (249–282) for python LM, 77 s (74–80) for python RD, 3.4 s (3.1–3.6) for C++ multi-core LM, and 1.9 s (1.9–2.0) for C++ multi-core RD. The fastest C++ multi-core RD and the publicly available MRmap showed good agreement of myocardial T1 values, resulting in 95% Bland–Altman limits of agreement of (- 0.83 to 0.58 ms) and (- 6.57 to 7.36 ms) with mean differences of - 0.13 ms and 0.39 ms, for the pre- and post-contrast, respectively. Conclusion The C++ multi-core RD was the fastest method on a regular eight-core personal computer for pre- or post-contrast T1 map calculation. The presented software tool (fT1fit) facilitated rapid T1 map and extracellular volume fraction map calculations.